We were assigned to understand and analyse the historical progress in Ankara between the years 1930-1980. The exhibition of Civilian Architectural Memory curated by Çankaya Contemporary Arts Museum, was quite descriptive to convey the importance of the native structures’ properties in terms of their form, architectural prominence, plan construction and so on. Moreover, I really appreciated the idea of colour scheme according to structure’s architectural properties and periods. Due to that separation and chronological order of 120 building, it was simplified to observe the evolution of structural systems and attitudes according to its period.
In 1930’s, in the examples of Çamlıca Building and Dr. Celal Bey’s Home/ Milka Patisserie can explain that elementary basic forms are used to incorporate with the circular and the cubic forms. In corformity with the period’s approach, roofs are designed straight way and circular forms are attached the cubic main parts with its specific properties like terraces in the example of the Milka Patisserie. Additionally, Camlıca Building is still quite unique in terms of its simple mass regulation, functionalist attitude and façade arrangement for the properties of Civil Architecture.
In 1950’s, I want to demonstrate the specific characteristics of that period by regarding Sönmez Building (Sebih KAYAN) and Cinnah19 ( Nejat ERSİN). We are quite familiar with Cinnah19 because of our last year’s final paper, in Arch122 and Arch112. By following previous properties, massive geometrical forms and arrangement of the architectural elements are much more obvious. Moreover, that period’s Turkish architects are impressed the western architectural technologies and usage of the elements. Therefore, pure geometrical forms incorporate with detailed design approach. To focus those details, stained glasses are defined a quite unique façade in Sönmez Building. The sense of horizontality are balanced by using the elegantly arranged balcony details in vertical manner. Entrance of both structure was emphasised with its process. Briefly, the dynamic arrangement of the forms, massive geometry, new approaches like roof garden, ornamented façades and highly organised interior properties. Tan Building ( Adnan KOCAASLAN), Granit Building (Nafiz EVİRGEN) and also Library Houses ( Demirtaş KAMÇIL, Rahmi BEDİZ) Kumrular Building Complex ( Orhan BOLAK, Orhan BOZKURT, Gazanfer BEKEN) explains the term’s approach as well.
For the understand and analyse the attitude of 1970’s, we will discuss early,middle and late examples of 70’s to 80’s structures. Kilis5 was built in 1972 by the architect Bilge BATUR, we could observe the specialisations for the prevent symmetrical details in façade and balconies. The organisation is simplified the pure forms and vertical/horizontal expression with vertical balconies and horizontal window openings. Botanik Building also clearly express the attitude of cooperative/massive structure to provide wider apartment dwellers. Less ornamentation and more cubic forms appears in that era to get more higher structure in less cost. Moreover, Terrace House (Uğur EKEN, 1981) has a unique plan by regarding level differences. Due to that planning of structure, every client has a personal spaces in their balconies or terraces.
Book// The City of Collective Memory: Its Historical Imagery and Architectural Entertainments , Part : Contemporary Forms of the City of Collective Memory