Ankara Sivil Mimari Bellek 1930-1980 // Çağdaş Sanatlar Merkezi

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We were assigned to understand and analyse the historical progress in Ankara between the years 1930-1980. The exhibition of Civilian Architectural Memory curated by Çankaya Contemporary Arts Museum, was quite descriptive to convey the importance of the native structures’ properties in terms of their form, architectural prominence, plan construction and so on. Moreover, I really appreciated the idea of colour scheme according to structure’s architectural properties and periods. Due to that separation and chronological order of 120 building, it was simplified to observe the evolution of structural systems and attitudes according to its period.

çamlıcamilka

In 1930’s, in the examples of Çamlıca Building and Dr. Celal Bey’s Home/ Milka Patisserie can explain that elementary basic forms are used to incorporate with the circular and the cubic forms. In corformity with the period’s approach, roofs are designed straight way and circular forms are attached the cubic main parts with its specific properties like terraces in the example of the Milka Patisserie. Additionally, Camlıca Building is still quite unique in terms of its simple mass regulation, functionalist attitude and façade arrangement for the properties of Civil Architecture.

sönmez1 sönmezmodel cinnih2 cinnih1

In 1950’s, I want to demonstrate the specific characteristics of that period by regarding Sönmez Building (Sebih KAYAN) and Cinnah19 ( Nejat ERSİN).  We are quite familiar with Cinnah19 because of our last year’s final paper, in Arch122 and Arch112. By following previous properties, massive geometrical forms and arrangement of the architectural elements are much more obvious. Moreover, that period’s Turkish architects are impressed the western architectural technologies and usage of the elements. Therefore, pure geometrical forms incorporate with detailed design approach. To focus those details, stained glasses are defined a quite unique façade in Sönmez Building. The sense of horizontality are balanced by using the elegantly arranged balcony details in vertical manner. Entrance of both structure was emphasised with its process. Briefly, the dynamic arrangement of the forms, massive geometry, new approaches like roof garden, ornamented façades and highly organised interior properties. Tan Building ( Adnan KOCAASLAN), Granit Building (Nafiz EVİRGEN) and also Library Houses ( Demirtaş KAMÇIL, Rahmi BEDİZ) Kumrular Building Complex ( Orhan BOLAK, Orhan BOZKURT, Gazanfer BEKEN) explains the term’s approach as well.

botanik kilis terrace

For the understand and analyse the attitude of 1970’s, we will discuss early,middle and late examples of 70’s to 80’s structures. Kilis5 was built in 1972 by the architect Bilge BATUR, we could observe the specialisations for the prevent symmetrical details in façade and balconies. The organisation is simplified the pure forms and vertical/horizontal expression with vertical balconies and horizontal window openings. Botanik Building also clearly express the attitude of cooperative/massive structure to provide wider apartment dwellers. Less ornamentation and more cubic forms appears in that era to get more higher structure in less cost. Moreover, Terrace House (Uğur EKEN, 1981) has a unique plan by regarding level differences. Due to that planning of structure, every client has a personal spaces in their balconies or terraces.

REFERENCES :

http://sivilmimaribellekankara.com/

http://www.duygutuntas.com

http://www.mimarlarodasiankara.org/

Book// The City of Collective Memory: Its Historical Imagery and Architectural Entertainments , Part : Contemporary Forms of the City of Collective Memory

Keep on Rolling: The Fantasy of the Automobile // Arch221

Last week, our university did the honours to Sustainable Film Festival. Due to that organisation, we met gorgeous movies, music bands and amazing people.

One of the movie is quite related to my Arch221 topic, Ideal City in progress!
That movie was called -Keep on Rolling: The Fantasy of the Automobile-

The content of film :

In just over a century, cars have completely transformed our way of life. In many areas, cars are prioritised over people. 62% of urban space is now devoted to roads or car parks and garages are often larger than children’s rooms. Devoting so much public space to the least efficient form of transport has also changed the way we interact with our environment. Children go out much less and watch much more tv. This film examines the implications of our love affair with the car.

As a final of that movie, it mentioned about evolving of ideal city from Greek’s urban planning to today’s conditions. Ancient Greeks design their urban plans to get together by sharing common spaces. However, nowadays urban spaces are occupied by car roads or car parks.

Anatolian Civilizations Museum w/ architecture student eyes

Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, which succeeded by winning the “European Museum of the Year” award in 1997, consists of the Kurşunlu Han and Mahmut Paşa Bedesten and it is located on the Gözcü Street in Atpazarı neighborhood, southeast of the Ankara Castle.

Aim was to analyse the dwellers’ lifestyle and culture which belong to that period. These works and treasure are exhibited here in chronological order. Palaeolithic Age, Neolithic Age, Chalcolithic Age, Early Bronze Age,Assyrian Trade Colonies, Hititte Period, Phrygian Period, Urartian & Lydian Periods were also topics of that Museum which including the most extensive and valuable collection of Hittite artifacts in the world. In the museum, the reconstruction of The Çatalhöyük House, which is said to be the earliest human community in the world, reflects daily life. Also, jewel collection of gold, silver and precious stones attracted us, especially ”women” 😀

If you are at all interested in the ancient history of Anatolia and the Near East, you should see it.